Diego Rodríguez
Former Technical Director of the ESEE and UCM

Since the ESEE 2009, the industrial classification uses the CNAE-2009. This is the official classification for all statistics in the EU, due to the CNAE-2009 coincides totally with the NACE-Rev.2.(1). In this revision, all manufacturing activities are placed in the Section C: industries 10 to 33. The change to this new revision has implied a very detailed work to convert the historical series (1990 to 2008) to the new classification. It has affected to all firms and products in the panel data set. The total number of transformed codes is larger than 130,000.

This change has been implemented while keeping the structure of the 20-industries classification that has been used in the ESEE up to now, which was based on the CNAE-93 (equivalent to NACE- Rev.1). This is the information that users have available in the variable NACECLIO. Table 1 shows the new classification of the ESEE and its correspondence with CNAE-2009 (=NACE Rev.2) and CNAE-93 (=NACE Rev.1). Main changes are as follows:

(1) Some changes are due to those activities that are no longer considered as manufacturing, according
to the new NACE-Rev.2. In particular:

a. Editing (books, newspapers, magazines, etc.)are now in the new division J (Information and Communication). It implies that NACECLIO=8 only covers now “Printing activities”.

b. In the same way, recycling activities (section 37 in the NACE Rev.1) are now located in the new Section E (water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities) and are no longer considered as manufacturing.

(2) As usual, Coke and Refined Petroleum products (Section 19) are not surveyed. This sector includes a very small set of Spanish firms (12 firms, according to the Spanish DIRCE).

(3) Additionally, since the ESEE-2009 some activities related to installations and repairs are also excluded.

(4) I the new NACE Rev.2, the industry of pharmaceutical products is splitted from the Chemical industry. However, to avoid breaks with the historical series, both are jointly considered in the NACECLIO=9.

(5) Computer products are reorganized in the new classification NACE Rev.2. It implies that some firms that were assigned previously to industry 16 are now in the industry 15.

Table 1
Industrial classification of the ESEE and correspondence
with the CNAE-93 and CNAE-2009

Sector Denomination CNAE-93 CNAE-2009
1 Meat products 151 101
2 Food and tobacco 152 a 158+160 102 a 109, 120
3 Beverage 159 110
4 Textiles and clothing 171 a 177 y 181 a 183 131 a 133, 139, 141 a 143
5 Leather, fur and footwear 191 a 193 151 + 152
6 Timber 201 a 205 161 + 162
7 Paper 211+212 171 + 172
8 Printing (before Printing and Edition) 221 a 223 181 + 182
9 Chemicals and pharmaceuticals
(befote Checmical products)
241 a 247 201 a 206, 211 + 212
10 Plastic and rubber products 251 a 252 221 + 222
11 Nonmetal mineral products 261 a 268 231 a 237, 239
12 Basic metal products 271 a 275 241 a 245
13 Fabricated metal products 281 a 287 251 a 257, 259
14 Machinery and equipment 291 a 297 281 a 284, 289
15 Computer products, electronics and optical 300 + (331 a 335) 261 a 268
16 Electric materials and accessories 311 a 316 y 321 a 323 271 a 275, 279
17 Vehicles and accessories 341 a 343 291 a 293
18 Other transport equipment 351 a 355 301 a 304, 309
19 Furniture 361 310
20 Other manufacturing 362 a 366, 371 a 372 321 a 325, 329

 

The adoption of the new classification has implied to change the variable NACECLIO for the whole period 1990-2008. Researchers who had previously used that variable may request, if they need it, the new variable NACECLIO, Foundation SEPI will send it free. We emphasize that, departing from the ESEE-2009, the variable NACECLIO that uses the old classification (NACE Rev.1) will not be elaborated.

Table 2 shows the comparison between the number of firms according to the old and new classification. As can be seen, changes in such disaggregation level are not very relevant and about 97,5% of firms in that year did not change its industry in the 20-industry classification (i.e., NACECLIO).

Table 2
Comparison between the old and new classifications:
Number of firms across sectors, ESEE-2008

  NACECLIO   NACECLIO
  Con CNAE-93 Con CNAE-2009   Con CNAE-93 Con CNAE-2009
Sector (old) (new) Sector (old) (new)
1 72 71 11 159 159
2 189 190 12 73 72
3 43 42 13 251 259
4 129 127 14 140 122
5 50 50 15 25 40
6 73 75 16 106 86
7 68 72 17 99 105
8 105 103 18 42 47
9 131 133 19 106 102
10 108 106 20 40 48
           
Total 2009 2009

 

(1) Regulation (EC) no. 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and The Council of 20 December 2006, stablishing the European classification of economic activities NACE Rev. 2) and the relationships between national versions and this classification.

(2) To the moment CMAE-74 and an aggregation of 18 sectors in the ESEE were used.

(3) Out of the 43,116 manufacturing companies with more than 10 employees (DIRCE 2008), only 12 belonged to the division 23.